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obeisance, follow, accompany, attend on

JLPT1 G7 S11 F1917

As per # (spread) + 阜 piled earth → spread earth over the roots of a plant in cultivation. 陪 originally conveyed the same meanings as (cultivate; raise; grow), but acquired the borrowed meanings *accompany*; *attend* (upon); *serve*; *deputy*; *vice-*; and *sub-*.

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