コウ, ゴ, お.りる, お.ろす, ふ.る, ふ.り, くだ.る, くだ.す, ふり, ふる

descend, precipitate, fall, surrender

JLPT3 G6 S10 F596

The relevant oracle bone form of is a depiction of legs bending as they descend a hill. 降 is # + 阜 piled earth (for emphasis/clarification) → *descend* a high hill → *fall*; *get off/out*; *lower*; *unload*; *transfer*. Other extended meanings from "fall" include *defeat*; *retire*; *give up*; *to rain*; *to snow*; and *abort* (a fetus).

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