ショウ, あかし

evidence, proof, certificate

JLPT1 G5 S12 F306

As per # (straight) + 言 words → straighten another out in admonishing (compare 訂). In Japan, 証 was adopted as a Shinjitai (new character form) to replace 證, according to which 証 conveys the meanings *(make a) report to a superior* → *testify*; *evidence*; *proof*.

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