ジュウ, シュウ, しぶ, しぶ.い, しぶ.る

astringent, harsh, uneven, rough

JLPT0 G13 S0 F5000

The relevant seal inscription form of shows that the doubled element on top was originally inverted feet, so that the character featured two feet pointing downward + two feet pointing upward → tangling of legs → be stopped. adds water → liquid that does not flow, but seeps (compare ) → *proceed haltingly* → *astringency* (← tongue rendered numb by the deep penetration of astringent juices; compare ) → *sober*. Also, *be unwilling/reluctant*, *austere*, *quiet* and *stingy*. is a variant form of , and a variant form of . In contemporary Japanese orthography, / is written .

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