カク, コウ, キャク, ゴウ, いたる, のり
status, rank, capacity, character, case (law, grammar)
JLPT3 G5 S10 F281
As per 各# (come to a stop) + 木 tree/wood → wooden stick used to stop the doors of a gate (compare 閣) → *be stopped up*; *be blocked* (with); *standard*; *rank* (← stick used as a standard of length) → *substance*; *frame-shaped* → *correct*; (grammatical) *case*.
[Full Kanji Etymology List]