セイ, ジョウ, な.る, な.す, な.す, あき, あきら, しげ, そん, たえ, なお, なり, なる, のり, ひら, まさ, よし, り
turn into, become, get, grow, elapse, reach
JLPT3 G4 S6 F116
Originally, 丁# (nail) + a pounding tool → pound nails (straight) into an object → *make* (← object/structure containing nails); *do* (← pound nails as one form of doing work) → *become*; *complete*; *achieve*; *established*; *existing*. In the present form, the pounding tool resembles 戊 battle-ax.
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